By BlackRock Investment Institute
Markets have greeted the new year with optimism. The signing of a limited “Phase 1” deal between the U.S. and China reinforces our expectation for global trade tensions to take a pause in 2020. Generally positive economic data and an encouraging start to the latest quarterly earnings season also back our call for a potential bounce in risk assets. In equities, we are overweight emerging market (EM) and Japanese equities, and have upgraded the value style factor to neutral.
Cyclical assets have severely underperformed in recent years, including amid a global growth slowdown. We believe a rebound in global trade and capex should pave the way for stronger performance of cyclical assets over a six-to-12 month horizon, even as we see some long-term trends weighing on these assets, such as the structural downshift in China’s growth. We studied the sensitivity of corporate earnings and equity returns to fluctuations in global manufacturing activity over the past two decades in different regions. See the chart above. The conclusion? Earnings estimates – as well as equity returns – in EM and Japan have historically been the most sensitive. This suggests these equity markets may have room for outperformance during a global growth pickup.
Recent data support our expectation for a pickup in growth this year. World trade volumes appear to have stabilized after sharp declines since 2018. China has reported better-than-expected trade data – alongside rebounding industrial profits and improving manufacturing activity. Financial conditions have eased significantly in developed economies since early 2019, and look poised to filter through to support the real economy in the next six to 12 months. Our BlackRock GPS, which gauges where consensus gross domestic product (GDP) forecasts may stand in three months’ time, indicates global growth should be accelerating slightly through the year. We see this environment as positive for cyclical EM assets.
Japanese equities may benefit from the same dynamics – as well as a pause in U.S.-China trade tensions – due to the export-oriented nature of the Japanese economy. A few other factors work in its favour. A weakened Japanese yen – currently at the lowest level against the dollar since mid-2019 – has historically tended to help lift Japanese stocks. We expect the Bank of Japan to stand pat on its ultra-loose monetary policy and the government to launch sizable fiscal stimulus this year, providing further support for the market. An ongoing improvement in corporate governance is another positive. Share buybacks have surged – up 40% in 2019 to a record high of 7 trillion yen (about $64 billion), according to Morgan Stanley. This should help boost return on equity and share performance. Yet most foreign investors are still underweight the market.
We have also upgraded the value style factor to neutral on a tactical basis amid expectations for a modest cyclical upswing in this late-cycle period. We expect a firming in industrial and trade activity – as well as a steepening yield curve – to underpin the factor. The underperformance in recent years – with the drawdown in value now the third worst and the longest in almost 100 years based on the Fama-French data set – also supports our tactical call. Among other factors, we are moderately overweight quality, which includes many global firms that stand to benefit from easing trade tensions.
Bottom line: We favour a cautious tilt into cyclical assets, including Japanese and EM equities. In bonds, we prefer EM and high yield debt. The risks to our view include profit margin erosion and an unexpected slowdown. For now we expect revenue growth to boost corporate earnings even as profit margins decline, but higher costs – from wage increases or supply chain disruptions – may eat into profits.
BlackRock Investment Institute
The BlackRock Investment Institute (BII) leverages the firm’s expertise and generates proprietary research to provide insights on the global economy, markets, geopolitics and long-term asset allocation – all to help our clients and portfolio managers navigate financial markets. BII offers strategic and tactical market views, publications and digital tools that are underpinned by proprietary research.